Salt Marsh Snake Control (Nerodia clarkii)
Salt Marsh Water snake control is a specialized service that should only be attempted by a professional snake control company from your local area. Please use the Navigation on this site to find a qualified person to handle this unique problem.
Many water snakes are actually harmless, despite the fears that the cottonmouth or water moccasin raise. Salt marsh snakes are one of those harmless-to-humans nonvenomous water snakes. And while you probably don’t want to go around chasing them down and picking them up, they are a valuable part of the ecosystem. If you suspect that you have these snakes on your property, here’s how to identify them and how to deal with their presence. We suggest that you never attempt to handle these snakes, we provide you a list of snake removal professional found here to handle these problems
Salt Marsh Snake Identification
The gulf salt marsh snake is slender and petite, reaching 1 to 2 ½ feet long. They have two tan or yellow stripes running the length of their body down their backs; background color is a reddish-brown or grayish-black, and their underbelly is spotted. It is flat-headed; this is one difference between it and the venomous cottonmouth. Salt marsh snakes are found along the Gulf coast, in brackish and saltwater estuaries, salt marshes, mangrove swamps, and tidal mud flats.
Salt Marsh Snake Behavior
Salt marsh snakes feed upon small fish, crabs, shrimp, and other invertebrates. It can be very destructive in goldfish ponds. In turn, its predators (animals that prey upon the snake) include egrets, herons and crabs.
In addition to being a great swimmer, water snakes are good climbers and will often bask on tree branches hanging low over the water. When swimming or crawling, water snakes will hold their head close to the ground.
Distinguishing Salt Marsh Snakes from Cottonmouths / Water Moccasins
The easiest way to distinguish nonvenomous water snakes (Nerodia spp.) from cottonmouths or water moccasins is by their behavior when approached. Water snakes almost always flee quickly into the water when threatened, while cottonmouths often will stand their ground and perform their threat display, which includes vibrating its tail and throwing its head back with its mouth opened to show the startling white interior, hissing and pulling the upper body into an S-shape. Other threat display behaviors include flattening its body, and emitting a foul-smelling substance from the base of its tail. Water snakes are not always wallflowers, however. When picked up, they readily and repeatedly bite, and while they’re nonvenomous, they have a lot of teeth and their bites can be painful.
Another way to distinguish harmless water snakes from cottonmouths is by looking at their eyes; water snakes have round pupils, while cottonmouths have vertical, cat-like pupils. When swimming or crawling, another distinguishing characteristic is that cottonmouths will hold their heads up high, at an angle of about 45 degrees.
Here’s an excerpt from an excellent guide published by the Georgia DNR:
· Water moccasins, or "cottonmouths," are relatively short and wide. Water snakes are longer and more slender.
· Water moccasins bask on land, or on logs and stumps near water surface; water snakes are good climbers and spend a lot of time basking on branches hanging over water.
· Water moccasins move slowly and defend their territory while water snakes move quickly away from disturbances.
· When swimming, cottonmouths keep their heads elevated above the water and bodies riding nearly on the water surface. Water snakes keep their head and body low and below the water surface.
· Cottonmouths always cock their heads at a 45 degree angle on land. Water snakes keep their heads level with the ground.
Salt Marsh Snake Control and Exclusion
Repellents, whether ultrasonic, scent-based or flavor-based, are universally ineffective. Inexpertly placed glue traps can catch and injure non-target animals, creating additional problems.
More effective are habitat modification techniques. For water snakes, this may include cutting long grass next to bodies of water, and cutting back branches overhanging water. However, these measures may degrade water quality in the long term, reducing or eliminating populations of desired animals such as fish, frogs, birds, and turtles.
To keep water snakes out of your home or building, here are some effective measures to take:
· Structural gaps and crevices larger than 1/4 inch and within three feet of grade should be closed off; snakes can pass through very small openings.
· Screens on crawlspace vents should have mesh smaller than 1/4 inch.
· A thorough search should be made for cracks in the foundation, unscreened crawlspace vents, torn screens, and gaps around basement window frames.
· Check clearances under doors; seal any gaps with weatherstripping.
· Look for improper sealing where plumbing and utility lines penetrate the foundation of the building.
If you need to reduce water snake populations on your property, it is best to call in an experienced professional in water snake trapping and removal. They can remove water snakes quickly and efficiently, leaving you to enjoy the outdoors in peace.