Milksnake Control & Removal (Lampropeltis triangulum)
Believe it or not, Milk snakes can be great to have around the house or office building. After all, they love to eat rodents! But when they move inside our homes, often something must be done. Here’s what you need to know when dealing with a possible milksnake on your property.
A first step in snake control is to identify what kind of snake you have. Milksnakes follow two color patterns. One pattern is gray or tan, with a light Y-shaped or V-shaped patch on neck, and chocolate-brown to reddish-brown, black-bordered blotches down back and sides.
The other pattern is strikingly different: colorful rings of red or orange, black, and white. This second color pattern is a mimic of the copperhead or coral snake pattern, but milksnakes are not venomous to humans at all. Their red bands touch black. Remember the rhyme: “Red touch black, friend of Jack; red touch yellow, harm a fellow.” If you’re ever bitten by a milksnake, make sure to get it checked out. Milksnake are not venomous, but with any wild animal bite there’s a risk of infection.
Milksnakes like to hide under rotting logs, stumps, or damp trash. They’re secretive and usually not seen in the open except at night.
Milksnakes get their name from the fact that they’re frequently found in barns – they’re attracted there by the mice that they hunt. In addition to mice and other small rodents, milksnakes eat birds, lizards, and other snakes – including venomous species. So as far as snakes go, milksnakes are good to have around. If you’re having problems with milksnakes on your property, controlling any rodent populations is crucial.
There are several steps to dealing with snake problems: making your property less inviting to snakes, which includes making your property less inviting to the rodents they feed upon; and dealing with any snakes that are already there.
In wooded, rural and riparian settings where snakes are common, their presence can be discouraged by eliminating stands of tall vegetation and removing piles of rock, lumber, and debris that might attract snakes to search for prey or shelter – especially close to buildings. Closing all entrances to rodent burrows make an area less attractive to snakes. It also helps greatly if one is persistent in controlling rats, mice, and field rodents in and around residences and other buildings.
· Structural gaps and crevices larger than 1/4 inch and within three feet of grade should be closed off; snakes can pass through very small openings.
· Screens on crawlspace vents should have mesh smaller than 1/4 inch.
· A thorough search should be made for cracks in the foundation, unscreened crawlspace vents, torn screens, and gaps around basement window frames.
· Check clearances under doors; seal any gaps with weatherstripping.
· Look for improper sealing where plumbing and utility lines penetrate the foundation of the building.
Checklist for Rodent Proofing Your Home
While we can’t guarantee that you’ll never have mice or rats in your home, taking these measures will reduce your risk of having rodents – and the snakes that feed on them – move into your home.
_ Repair or replace damaged ventilation screen around the foundation and under eaves.
_ Provide a tight fitting cover for the crawl space.
_ Seal all openings around pipes, cables, and wires that enter through walls or the foundation.
_ Be sure all windows that can be opened are screened and that the screens are in good condition.
_ Cover all chimneys with a spark arrester.
_ Make sure internal screens on roof and attic air vents are in good repair.
_ Cover rooftop plumbing vent pipes in excess of 2 inches in diameter with screens over their tops.
_ Make sure all exterior doors are tight fitting and weatherproofed at the bottom.
_ Seal gaps beneath garage doors with a gasket or weatherstripping.
_ Install self-closing exits or screening to clothes dryer vents to the outside.
_ Remember that pet doors into the house or garage provide an easy entrance for rodents.
_ Keep side doors to the garage closed, especially at night.
_ Keep your trees trimmed, and your bushes and vines thinned. Make sure trees are trimmed back from the house at least 4 feet.
_ Keep lids on garbage cans.
_ Clean up all debris in the yard and storage areas.
_ Seal around your attic.
_ Don't leave pet food outside, especially at night.
_ Pick your citrus as soon as it is ripe. Remove any fallen citrus from the ground.
_ Store wood at least 18 inches above the ground and 12 inches away from walls.
_ Eliminate standing water and fix leaky faucets.
If you’re confident that you do indeed have a milksnake in your house, and you want to deal with it yourself, try this: place a trashcan on the side of the snake, and use a broom or a similar tool to gently sweep it inside the trashcan. Relocate it well away from residential areas, and seal up any openings in your house where it can get back in.
If you have any doubt about which kind of snake you have, or if you suspect several, a call to a snake control company is warranted. A good snake control company will be able to help correctly identify your snakes, advise you on further steps to take to minimize the number of snakes that move onto your property and how to keep them out of your home, will be able to present you with trapping and removal options, will be knowledgeable of all local and state laws regarding the animals, and will carry all required licenses.