Star Nosed Mole
Star nosed Mole Removal and Control is a Very difficult task to undergo, you should contact a professional animal removal company in your area to handle the problem!
Star-nosed moles are one of nature’s strangest-looking creatures: only 6-8 inches (15-20cm) long, with oversized front legs and feet, almost invisible eyes, and fleshy star-like appendage for a nose. That nose, strange as it looks, is has powers worthy of a comic-book superhero. Although it is, on average, less than half an inch across, its surface is supplied with more than 100,000 large nerve fibers. By comparison, the touch receptors in the human hand are equipped with only about 17,000 of these fibers. Imagine having six times the sensitivity of your entire hand concentrated in a single fingertip.
Star-nosed moles are found in a variety of habitats with moist soil. Unlike other North American moles, the star-nosed mole prefers wet areas, including both coniferous and deciduous forests, clearings, wet meadows, marshes and peatlands. It also inhabits the banks of streams, lakes and ponds, into which it ventures for food. Adventurous star-nosed moles have been found in dry meadows as far as 1200 feet (400 m) from water. They are tolerant of moderate elevations, and are found at elevations up to 5,000 feet (1676 m) in the Great Smoky Mountains.
When it has access to a body of water, the star-nosed mole prefers to hunt aquatic prey. About half of its diet consists of worms, mostly aquatic species such as leeches. Aquatic insects make up another 30% of its diet. Star nosed moles will also take occasional terrestrial insects, aquatic crustaceans, mollusks and small fish.
The star-nosed mole is native to eastern North America, from Québec and Newfoundland, the Atlantic Ocean west to Manitoba and North Dakota and south to Ohio and Virginia, and along the Atlantic coast south to Georgia as well as throughout the Appalachian mountains.
Since it spends time both on land and in water, the star nosed mole is targeted by more predators than other moles. From the air, it is hunted by owls and hawks during the day. On the ground, domestic dogs and cats, skunks, and weasels will capture star nosed moles. Aquatic predators include the bullfrog and largemouth bass.
Since the star nosed mole inhabits poorly-drained wet areas, it is not often found in areas that humans frequent. However, it may occasionally extend its tunnels into lawns adjacent to wetlands, damaging the sod. Trapping is an effective way to remove star-nosed moles.
Chemical Repellants and Poisons
Many chemicals and home remedies (including castor oil derivatives and grub controls) are not only ineffective when dealing with moles, but they allow the animals time to establish and become real problems.
On large properties mole activity may move from one part of the lawn to another. This movement is affected by climate, ground moisture, and changes in food supply. If disturbed, moles may temporarily leave an area but will usually return when you least expect it. Even without disturbance mole activity may last only a week or two in a particular area. This here-today, gone-tomorrow behavior is probably the root of most of the misconceptions that make some home remedies and pesticides appear credible.
Setting Traps for Star Nosed Moles
Traps are an option, but that still leaves the homeowner with the problem of cleanup and disposal. Live traps leave the homeowner with the problem of how to get rid of the live mole after it’s caught. In some states, animal relocation is prohibited (with good reason), so check local and state regulations.
Moles will have their litters anytime from mid-March into May; trapping in the early spring (late February to early March) can eliminate pregnant females, effectively nipping in the bud what would be a greater mole problem later. Where you place the trap is critical to your success in trapping. You’ll want to place your mole trap near active mole feeding tunnels (that is, the shallower of the two types of tunnel described above).
Active runs can be located by stepping down the run, marking the location (say, with a ribbon tied to a stake), and checking to see if the tunnel is reopened within 24 to 48 hours. Permanent or deeper tunnels will be the most productive trap locations since these tunnels may be used several times daily. To identify main runways in a yard or area, look for constantly reopened tunnels that follow a generally straight line or that appear to connect two mounds or two feeding areas (branching tunnels). Main runways often will follow fencerows, walkways, foundations, or other manmade borders. Occasionally, main runways will occur along woody perimeters of a field or lawn. Meandering tunnels in the lawn are "probes" that are quickly constructed by moles and may not be reused.
Cut out the turf over the active tunnel, and remove the soil right down to where the moles have beaten their path. While their vision is poor, however, moles are sensitive to the touch. This means you can't leave any loose soil in the path leading up to the trap, or the moles will detect it and back off. Set the trap according to directions.
If a trap fails to produce after two days, it can mean that:
· The mole changed its habits and is no longer using the runway.
· The runway was disturbed too much, alerting the mole to potential danger. Try not to leave loose dirt in the tunnel when you set the trap.
· The trap was improperly set and the mole detected it. In any event, move the trap to a new location. you can additional information onTypes of moles in the U.S.!